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Your child aged 1 to 1 1/2

Your child is not yet able to know for itself when something could become dangerous.
The following advice is intended to help you to identify such situations in advance and to protect your children against them.

Poisons

Children use their eyes, ears, hands and primarily their mouths to find out about their environment. Often they put anything they can get their hands on into their mouths, and smaller objects are even swallowed. If the child observes how adults take tablets and medicine this can become dangerous, in that it can regard pills which are covered with a coloured coating of sugar as sweets.

The toxicological information centre in Zurich has established that with children approx. 30% of all cases of poisoning are caused by swallowing medicaments. Almost as many are due to products like washing-up liquid, d-etergents, fertilizer, bath additives, decalcifying agents etc..

What you can do:

-If you are interrupted during cleaning work (telephone, doorbell), you should either take your child with you or remove any cleaning products from its reach.

-Do not keep cleaning agents under the sink in the kitchen or on the lower shelves of cupboards, where the child can easily find them and try them out.

-Never leave medicaments anywhere where children can reach them. Medicaments should always be stored in a locked cupboard which is at least 160 cm above floor level.

Burns and scalding

The risk of burns and scalding is especially great in the case of children who have just begun to walk. Every year institutions such as the children's surgical clinic at the university of Bern treat about 30 children between 1 and 2 years of age for scalding, in other words more than 2 a month. At this age there is a risk of death if only 15% of the skin is affected (in the case of adults the figure is 40%). More than half of all scalding is caused by hot tea, coffee, soup etc. in the kitchen and at the dining table. Further sources of danger are buckets of hot water, hot stoves, humidifying units and irons.

What you can do:

-Don't leave any containers with hot water or similar dangers lying around. Place any hot radiators or humidifiers (units containing hot water, the contents of which can spill) where your child will not be able to reach them, or if necessary set up a protective barrier.

-Never leave a child alone at a table which is set for a meal.
The best method is to place your child in a special high chair and make sure that it is not able to reach any dangerous objects from there (hot teapots, bowls of soup etc.).

Asphyxiation

The risk of asphyxiation occurs when small objects such as buttons or parts of toys are swallowed, or if a plastic bag is placed over the head. This can adhere closely to the face and block the mouth and the nose, with the result that the child will be asphyxiated unless it can free itself.

What you can do:

Never give your child a plastic bag to play with and keep such things well out of the child's reach. Make sure that no small objects such as marbles, buttons, thumbtacks, paper clips etc. are left lying around.

Falls

During their first attempts to walk and climb children often fall, but this is generally without serious consequences. Although their movements often look uncoordinated, children spontaneously react correctly and can fall without hurting themselves. It is possible for the most part to avoid serious falls, if any potential dangers which the child is not yet able to recognise can be removed.

What you can do:

-Make sure that bookcases and similar furniture are unable to topple over, by securing them to the wall and ceiling with angle brackets.

-Remove from the playroom any furniture which could easily topple.

-Don't allow children to play without supervision in a room where there is furniture they could climb up on and then fall off.

-Place a protective barrier in front of stairs so that your child can't fall down them.


Accidents involving electricity

Children are eager to explore, and there is a risk of electrocution when they play around with sockets or pick up damaged cables or plugs and even put them in their mouths.
You should teach your child thoroughly about the risks of electricity. By taking suitable measures it is generally possible to avoid accidents involving electricity.

What you can do:

-Make sure that no unused cables are left lying around, because these tempt the child to experiment and use them as toys.

-Any damaged cables or plugs should be replaced without delay.
Place protective plugs with insulating pins into sockets, or have an electrician fit safety sockets which have child protection so that it is not possible to stick needles, nails or similar objects into them.

In the car

Children must be secured with a restraining belt which conforms to the test norms of your country. This also applies to the rear seats.
All those in the car should wear seat belts!

What you can do:

-Always put children in the back seat whenever possible and fasten them securely with a seat belt which is suitable for their weight and size.

-Small children should not be placed in a seat which is fitted with an airbag!

-Use a child's seat which has safety certification.
 
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